Who is Giovanni Gronchi? Information on politician Giovanni Gronchi biography, life story and political career.
Giovanni Gronchi; (1887- 1978), Italian political leader. He was born in Pontedera, Pisa, on Sept. 12, 1887, and graduated from the University of Pisa in 1909. He fought with distinction in World War I.
In 1919, Gronchi helped found the Italian Popular party (Partito Popolare Italiano, or PPI), a Roman Catholic organization. The following year he became head of the newly created Confederation of Christian Workers. After the Fascists seized power in October 1922, the PPI tried to collaborate with Mussolini’s government, and a reluctant Gronchi joined the government briefly as undersecretary of industry and commerce. Ousted from the Chamber of Deputies by the Fascists, he retired to private life in 1924.
Reentering politics in the twilight years of fascism, Gronchi, together with Alcide De Gasperi, represented the Christian Democrats in the Central Committee of National Liberation. From 1944 to 1946 he was minister of industry and commerce. After the victories of the Christian Democrats in the general elections of 1948 and 1953, the party elected him president of the Chamber of Deputies. In 1955 he was elected president of Italy by the National Assembly, holding office for seven years.