What are the characteristics of Touraco bird? Information about description, behavior, facts and types of Touraco bird.
TOURACO, or turaco, any of a family of large, brilliantly colored, fruit-eating birds widely distributed in Africa south of the Sahara. They are also known as plantain-eaters. Touracos inhabit a variety of habitats from arid thorn-brush lands and grasslands to dense evergreen forests and are found at all altitudes up to 12,000 feet (3,600 meters).
Touracos are from 15 to 30 inches (38-76 cm) long. Their heads frequently have prominent crests tipped with red or white, and their stubby, curved bills are often colorful. Touraco plumage is loose, fluffy, and brilliant with iridescent blues, violets, and greens. The green coloring is produced by turacoverdin—the only green pigment known to occur in birds. The dazzling red patches found on the wings of many species are caused by turacin, a copper-bearing pigment unique in the animal kingdom.
Strictly arboreal birds, touracos are extremely agile in scrambling about tree branches; they are, however, poor fliers. They commonly live in small, noisy family groups and feed chiefly on fruits, insects, and grubs. The nest is a crude flat platform of sticks. Both parents incubate the two white or tinted eggs for perhaps 18 days and later feed regurgitated fruit pulp to the young. Touracos make up the family Musophagi-dae of the order Passeriformes.