SABLE ANTELOPE, a large, handsome forest-dwelling antelope, Hippotragus niger, found in southern and eastern Africa. It has annulated, or ringed, horns that curve backward and sometimes reach a length of 3.5 feet (1 meter), long pointed ears, a rnane at the nape, and a tufted tail.
A bull stands about 4.5 feet (1.5 meters) at the shoulders and weighs about 500 pounds (225 kg). Females and young often associate in herds led by a single adult bull. They roam freely, grazing on grass. The young, born after a gestation period of about 270 days, are reddish until their third year. At least one variety, the giant sable antelope, H. n.variani, is considered endangered and is now known only in Angola.