Jacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup (1825-1913), Danish political leader, who dominated national politics in the last quarter of the 19th century. A politician of unquestioned integrity and unbending will, he was unalterably opposed to democracy and universal suffrage.
Jacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup was born in Soro, Denmark, on April 16, 1825. He served in the Folketing, the lower house of Denmark’s parliament (1854-1855), and was elected to the Landsting, the upper house of the parliament, in 1864. As minister of the interior (1865-1869), he was largely responsible for the conservative constitution of 1866. He became prime minister and finance minister in 1875.
With the support of his close friend King Christian IX, Jacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup frustrated the will of the Liberal party majority in the Folketing. By resorting to provisional finance laws to break parliamentary stalemates, he precipitated a constitutional crisis, which eventually caused his fail in 1894. He remained a member of the Landsting, except for one interval (1898-1900), until his death in Copenhagen on Dec. 24, 1913.