Who is Johann Strauss Jr.? Information on Johann Strauss ii biography, life story, works and compositions.
Johann Strauss Jr. (ii); (1825-1899) was born in Vienna on Oct. 25, 1825. His father, a composer-conductor, did not want his sons to become professional musicians. However, Johann, Jr., was composing music by the time he was 7 and was conducting his own ensembles before he was 19. The son’s orchestra soon rivaled the father’s, and after the elder Strauss’ death in 1849, the younger combined the two groups, performing with notable success both at home and on many European tours, including one to Russia. In 1862 he left the orchestra in the hands of his two brothers, although he conducted it thereafter from time to time. From 1863 to 1870 he conducted the court balls in Vienna and during this period composed many of his greatest waltzes, including Morning Papers, The Blue Danube, Artist’s Life, Tales from the Vienna Woods, and Wine, Women and Song. In 1872 he visited the United States, conducting concerts in Boston and New York City.
In the early 1870’s, Strauss began writing for the operetta stage. His outstanding successes were Indigo and the Forty Robbers (1871); The Carnival in Rome (1873); Die Fledermaus (1874), unquestionably his most popular operetta and the one most frequently revived; Cagliostro in Vienna (1875); Prince Methuselah (1877); A Night in Venice (1883); and The Gypsy Baron (1885). His operettas contain many of his most famous waltzes. Separate waltzes written after 1870 include Vienna Blood, Voices of Spring, and the Emperor. He also wrote numerous marches and many well-known polkas, including the Tritsch-Tratsch polka and, in collaboration with his brother Josef, the Pizzicato Polka. Johann died in Vienna on June 3, 1899.