This continent occupies all the southern part of the supercontinent of the Americas, that’s why it’s called South America. It is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean from the west, by the Atlantic Ocean from the east and north, by the Caribbean Sea from the northwest and is connected to North America in the northeastern part. A land border between two continents extends along the state boundary between Panama and Colombia.
There are totally 12 independent countries and 3 dependent territories in South America. The largest country by area and the most populated is Brazil, it occupies approximately 50% of the total continental area and more than 52% of the population lives in its territory. The smallest independent state is Suriname, it is the only nation in this region that speaks Dutch as the official language.
In terms of travel, the most visited among the South American countries are Brazil, Argentina and Peru, the latter is home to the most famous tourist attraction in the region, Machu Picchu, the mysterious city of the Incas.
Alphabetical list of countries in South America