Philander Claxton Biography

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Who is Philander Claxton? Information about Philander Claxton biography, life story and career.

Philander Claxton; (1862-1957), American educator. He was U. S. commissioner of education from 1911 to 1921, a period of marked expansion of the activities of the Bureau of Education (later renamed office of Education).

Claxton was born in Bedford county, Tenn., on Sept. 28, 1862. He was educated at the University of Tennessee, at Johns Hopkins, and in Germany. After serving as superintendent of schools in North Carolina, in 1896 he became professor of pedagogy and director of the practice and observation school at the North Carolina State Normal and Industrial College. From 1902 to 1911 he was professor of secondary education at the University of Tennessee, and in 1906 he was made inspector of high schools.

After leaving the U. S. Bureau of Education, Claxton was superintendent of schools in Tulsa, Okla., from 1923 to 1929. From 1930 until his retirement in 1946 he was president of the Austin Peay Normal School in Clarksville, Tenn. Claxton also served as editor of the North Carolina Journal of Education and the Atlantic Educational Journal. He died on Jan. 12, 1957, in Knoxville, Tenn.

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