What is the history of easter, easter eggs, and bunnies? When is easter, which day does easter is celebrated?
The history of Easter, as well as its theological and Iiturgical significance, is rooted in the Old Testament. In the Book of Exodus “Passover” refers not only to the Angel of Death “passing over” the houses of the Jews in Egypt but alsa to Israel’s deliverance from servitude-the exodus from Egypt and the entrance into the Promised Land, The Jewish Passover feast joined the theme of gratitude for divine deliverance with a spring harvest feast in which the first produce of the year was offered to God. Since Christ was crucified during Passover, the Christian commemoration of His death not only coincided with Passover, but also incorporated elements of the jewish feast. Thus Easter is the Christian Passover.
Passover, which was celebrated on the 14th day of Nisan in the jewish lunar calendar, could fall on any day of the week. Some early Christians, called Quartodecimans, observed Easter on the 14th Nisan. However, most Christians felt that Easter should always be observed on a Sunday, the weekly celebration of the Resurrection. The attempt to impose the Sunday observance on the Quartodecimans led to heated controversies in the 2d century. Eventually, it was decided at the Council of Nicaea (325) that Easter be observed on the Sunday after both the 14th Nisan and the vernal equinox.
While the date of Passover (and Easter) was calculated according to a fixed date in a lunar calendar, it had to be expressed as a variable date in the imperial or Julian solar calendar, which most Christians followed in daily life. It was obviously desirable to devise a long-range list of future dates according to a predetermined pattern or cycle in the solar calendar. Devising such a cycle proved extremely complicated for the methods then available. Various cycles (of 16, 19, 84, even of 532 years) were constructed in various places and resulted in further controversies, lasting until the 9th century, about the date of Easter. A further divergence in the date of Easter began in 1582 with the introduction of the Gregorian calendar, which some countries were slow in adopting.
Easter is now uniformly observed by Western churches; however, Easter may still fall on a different date in those Eastern churches that use a different method of oalculation. The proposal of a perpetnal calendar, in which each date falls on the same day of the week every year and in which Easter would fall on a fixed Sunday, presents no theological difficulty.
|Year||Spring FullMoon||Astronomical Easter||Gregorian Easter||Julian Easter||Jewish Passover|
|2001||8 April||15 April||15 April||15 April||8 April|
|2002||28 March||31 March||31 March||05.May||28 March|
|2003||16 April||20 April||20 April||27 April||17 April|
|2004||5 April||11 April||11 April||11 April||6 April|
|2005||25 March||27 March||27 March||01.May||24 April|
|2006||13 April||16 April||16 April||23 April||13 April|
|2007||2 April||8 April||8 April||8 April||3 April|
|2008||21 March||23 March||23 March||27 April||20 April|
|2009||9 April||12 April||12 April||19 April||9 April|
|2010||30 March||4 April||4 April||4 April||30 March|
|2011||18 April||24 April||24 April||24 April||19 April|
|2012||6 April||8 April||8 April||15 April||7 April|
|2013||27 March||31 March||31 March||05.May||26 March|
|2014||15 April||20 April||20 April||20 April||15 April|
|2015||4 April||5 April||5 April||12 April||4 April|
|2016||23 March||27 March||27 March||01.May||23 April|
|2017||11 April||16 April||16 April||16 April||11 April|
|2018||31 March||1 April||1 April||8 April||31 March|
|2019||21 March||24 March||21 April||28 April||20 April|
|2020||8 April||12 April||12 April||19 April||9 April|
|2021||28 March||4 April||4 April||02.May||28 March|