SAALFELD, a town in Germany on the Saale River, is on the northwestern slopes of the Thuringian Forest, in a region long noted for mining. There are iron and steel works nearby, and the town produces electrical machinery and paper goods.
The town, established about 1200, has several fine buildings dating from the Middle Ages. These include a 13th century Franciscan monastery, now used as a museum; a late 13th century castle; a 14th century church; and the 16th century town hall. From 1680 to 1735 the town was the capital of the duchy of Saxe-Saalfeld.