José Fernando Abascal (1743-1821), Spanish statesman and soldier. Born in Oviedo, he entered the Spanish army in 1762, eventually rising to the rank of brigadier general during the campaigns against Napoleon.
He became governor of Cuba in 1796. In 1804 he was appointed viceroy of Peru, where he successfully suppressed local uprisings by the Creoles. He also led campaigns against rebels in Ecuador, Bolivia, Argentina, and Chile. For his efforts he was created Marquess de la Concordia in 1812. In 1816 he was recalled to Spain, where he died five years later in Madrid.