SABINES, a people of ancient Italy. They were one of the Sabelli groups and were concentrated in the hilly country northeast of Rome. They were a people of deep religious feeling. Their habits were simple and their lives virtuous.
From earliest tirnes the Sabines were represented among the population of Rome, and the legend of the rape of the Sabine women by the wifeless followers of Romulus was probably fabricated to explain this admixture. They were conquered in 449 b. c., and again in 290 b. c. They were admitted to full Roman citizenship in 268, after which they disappeared as a separate people.