Thomas SACKVILLE (1536-1608), English statesman and poet. He was born in Withyham parish, Sussex; became a student of the Inner Temple; and was later called to the bar. At the Temple he wrote the last two acts of the Tragedie of Gorboduc, first performed in London in 1561 and printed in 1565. As a poet, he is best known for his contributions to A Mirror for Magistrates (İst ed., 1559), a collection of early Elizabethan narrative poetry, which was started by William Baldwin, George Ferrers, and others. Sackville’s contributions, which first appeared in the 1563 edition of the Mirror, were a poetical preface—the Induction, which has been called the greatest English poem between Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales and Spenser’s Faerie Queen—and Conıplaint of Henry Duke of Buckingham.
From 1557 to 1563, Sackville sat in the Parliaments of Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth. He was knighted and created Baron Buckhurst in 1567. Between that time and 1598, he carried out a number of delicate missions at home and in foreign countries, and in 1599 he was rewarded by the office of lord high treasurer, confirmed as a lifetime post by James I. In 1604 he was created earl of Dorset. Sackville died in London on April 19, 1608.